Departed Romania 1944 -, arrived Dec 1944
ex-Tadla, ex-Frankenwald, built 1908, 4026 gross tons, passenger steamer
Name also shown as Taurus
27 Aug 1945 1300 people deported to Mauritius in 1940 were returned to Palestine (see Atlantic, No.61).
86. Salah el-din
Departed Constanta, Romania Aug 1944, arrived Aug 1944
115 gross tons, built 1931, wood schooner
Passengers went from Istanbul to Palestine by sealed train.,
Departed Constanta, Romania 3-Aug-1944, arrived 5-Aug-1944
built (unk), 52 gross tons, wood motor vessel
About 350 passengers
Mefkure sailed on 3 Aug 1944 in company with Morina and Bulbul. They were separated in a storm, and Mefkure was sunk by gunfire from Soviet submarine SHCH-215 (some disagree with this identification). Only 5 refugees and 4 crew survived the sinking and were picked up by Bulbul. Over 300 were lost.
Departed Constanta, Romania 3-Aug-1944, arrived 8-Aug-1944
Bulbul sailed in company with two other Turkish vessels, Morina and Mefkure on 3 Aug 1944. They were separated by a storm. After Mefkure was sunk, Bulbul picked up the survivors. Passengers went from Istanbul to Palestine by sealed train.
Departed Constanta, Romania 3-Aug-1944, arrived 6-Aug-1944
built (unk), 49 gross tons, motor schooner
Morina sailed in company with two other Turkish vessels Bulbul and Mefkure on 3 Aug 1944. Passengers went from Istanbul to
Palestine by sealed train.
Departed Romania Jul 1944, arrived 9-Jul-1944
The small Turkish steamer Kazbek traveled in July 1944. Passengers including 256 children from Transnistria, went from Istanbul to Palestine by sealed train.
81. Maritza 2
Departed Constanta, Romania 15-May-1944, arrived 22-May-1944
built 1918, 180 gross tons
Maritzaï¾’s second trip. Passengers went from Istanbul to Palestine by sealed train.
80. Milka 2
Departed Constanta, Romania 27-Apr-1944, arrived 4-May-1944
built 1943, 111 gross tons
Milkaï¾’s second trip. Passengers went from Istanbul to Palestine by sealed train.
Departed Constanta, Romania 21-Apr-1944, arrived Apr 1944
The third ship to sail with Romanian refugees including 120 children, who went from Istanbul to Palestine by sealed train. Name
sometimes wrongly given as Bella Citta or Belitza.
Photograph source: JDC – USHMM
78. Maritza 1
Departed Constanta, Romania 4-Apr-1944, arrived 12-Apr-1944
built 1918, 180 gross tons, auxiliary schooner
Maritza arrived in Istanbul with refugees from Bukovina and Cernauti, including 51 children, who were taken to Palestine by sealed train.
Departed Constanta, Romania 23-Mar-1944, arrived 31-Mar-1944
built 1943, 111 gross tons, auxiliary schooner
The departure of the Milka from Constanta resumed the organized sailings of refugees, as it appeared to the Romanian government they were on the wrong side. The refugees had left Cernauti only a few days before it was captured by the Russians. Milka and the following ships left despite the adamant opposition of the Germans. She arrived in Istanbul where, through the intervention of US envoy Ira Hirschman, the people were put on a sealed train for the overland trip to Palestine.